Know your employment rights in Canada

Since 1872, Canada has come a long way in terms of employee rights. From the first annual Labor Day parade held in that year, the standard working hours in a week have reduced from 58 to a range of 40-48 hours. This is a clear demarcation that employment law practices have improved a lot, yet many employees still are not aware of their rights and obligations. Here are some of the helpful resources for you in this regard:

  1.   Acts that protect Employment standards: Minimum work hours in a week, sick days, and vacation and severance provisions are the basic employment standards that are established by law and guarantees rights in the workplace. Approximately 90% of the employees and workers are protected by the employment laws of their province and each province has its legislation. The rest ten percent of employees work in places which are regulated federally and are administered by the federal labor standards.
  2.   Acts That Cover Discrimination and Employment Equity:  As per Canadian Human Rights Act (CHRA), an employer cannot discriminate employees based on gender, race, ethnicity, age, etc and this has been regularly upgraded. Also, as per the Employment Equity Act (EEA), women, disabled people, aboriginal people, and visible minorities are protected groups.

You can find more information on the following resources:

1. Federal Department of Labor – This program promotes a safe, healthy and cooperative and productive environment in workplaces.

2. Basic Workplace Standards by Province – Here you can find information on wages, paid public holidays, pregnancy and parental leave, hours of work and overtime, etc.

3. – Here you can gather knowledge about the labor codes to your province and the comparison between the practices of two provinces.

4. Canadian Labor Congress – This body unites the national and international unions of Canada, the provincial and territorial federations of labor and 130 district labor councils.

Call an expert:

In case, if you feel that you have been discriminated or harassed or being violated of your rights, first try to discuss your issues with the HR department of your company or a union representative. In case, if you are not satisfied by their response, call an expert of employment law practices    who can handle your case well and can represent you in the court of law for justice.

It is the right time that you think of your employee rights. Canada has evolved a long way since 1872. Knowing the basic employment right and reaching out for legal advice can help you in many ways in giving you what you deserve.